Hydrops fetalis is excessive extravasation of fluid into the third space in a fetus which could be due to heart failure, volume overload, decreased oncotic pressure, or increased vascular permeability. Hydrops is defined as the accumulation of fl Hydrops Fetalis It is defined as generalized fetal edema or anasarca, which can be detected by an Antenatal USG. It may be manifestation of a variety of underlying disorders.
The condition is subdivided in to (a) Immune hydrops. Hydrops fetalis was detected on a routine antenatal ultrasound. The patient's blood group was O negative and she was not administered Rh antibody during the first pregnancy, which ended in an uneventful normal delivery.
The diagnosis of hydrops The halo sign, which has been regarded as a typical feature of hydrops fetalis, was relied upon by among others, Hellman and Irving (1938), who are said to Radiologic studies show edema and, in hydrops fetalis, the halo sign (edematous, elevated, subcutaneous fat layers) and the Buddha position (fetus' legs are crossed).
Ultrasonography may reveal hepatomegaly, abdominal enlargement, ascites, or signs of hydrops fetalis. A woman presented with polyhydramnios when 33 weeks pregnant, and three weeks later delivered an infant with idiopathic nonimmune hydrops fetalis.
Ultrasonic scanning before birth showed a severely edematous infant. An abdominal radiograph revealed the classical" Buddha" position of fetal hydrops. Dec 13, 2015 Hydrops fetalis is Latin for edema of the fetus.
Ballantyne first described hydrops fetalis in 1892, although this condition had been recognized for almost 200 years. Jul 25, 2017 Hydrops fetalis (fetal hydrops) is a serious fetal condition defined as abnormal accumulation of fluid in 2 or more fetal compartments, including ascites, pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, and skin edema. In some patients, it may also be associated with polyhydramnios and placental edema.